STOLEN LEGACY: The Greek Philosophy Is A Stolen Egyptian Philosophy. By G. M. JAMES

Excerpt from the Back of the Book: Page one of the Introduction of the Book.

Characteristics of Greek Philosophy

“The term Greek philosophy, to begin with, is a misnomer, for there is no such philosophy in existence. The ancient Egyptians had developed a very complex religious system, called the Mysteries, which was also the first system of salvation.

As such, it regarded the human body as a prison house of the soul, which could be liberated from its bodily impediments, through the disciples of the Arts and Sciences, and advanced from the level of a mortal to that of a God. This was the notion of the summon bonum or greatest good, to which all men must aspire, and it also become the basis of all ethical concepts. The Egyptian Mystery was also a Secret Order, and membership was gained by initiation and a pledge to secrecy. The teaching was graded and delivered orally to the Neophyte, and under these circumstances of secrecy, the Egyptians developed secret systems of writing and teaching, and forbade their Initiates from writing what they had learned.

After nearly five thousand years of prohibition against the Greeks, they were permitted to enter  Egypt, for the purpose of their education; first through the Persian invasion, and secondly through the invasion of Alexander the Great. From the sixth century B.C. therefore to the death of Aristotle (322 B.C.) the Greeks made the best of their chance to learn all they could about Egyptian culture; most students received instructions directly from the Egyptian Priests, but after the invasion by Alexander the Great, the Royal temples, and libraries were plundered and pillaged, and Aristotle’s school converted the library at Alexandria into a research centre. There is no wonder then, that the production of the unusually large number of books ascribed to Aristotle has proved a physical impossibility, for any single man within a life time.”

SOURCE:James, G.M. George, STOLEN LAGACY: The Greek Philosophy Is A Stolen Egyptian Philosophy. Khalifah’s Booksellers & Associates, 2005, (Original 1954). Foward; P. 1, 153.

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“EGYPT CONTRIBUTED TO THE BIRTH OF GREEK PHILOSOPHY”

BY THEOPHILE OBENGA

We do not know any Greek philosophers at the time of the development of the Mycenian civilization, around 1600 BC. The Minoan writing called Linaer B in Crete, around 1500 BC, did not reveal any philosophical or scientific texts The Greeks adopted Phoenician writing around 800 BC, and completed it by adding signs, which represented vowels. So before their expansion towards the East and Egypt, the Greeks did not know anything about science or philosophy. Historically, Greece only awoke to science and philosophy after the sixth century BC. This is a well established unarguable historical fact.

Geographically, Greek philosophy was born in Asia Minor, in the towns of Miletus, Colophon, Clazomenar, Epheseus, Cnidus, respectively the hometowns of Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes, Xenophanes, Anaxagoras, Heraclites, and Eudoxus. Asia Minor is the name which the Greek and the Latin gave to the western part of Asia, south of the Black Sea. It is well and truly the Greece of Asia, this fringe of islands (Cos, Samos, Chios, Lesbos, etc.) and of the countries of Greek cities in antiquity, on the oriental west of the Aegean Sea (Cnidus, Halicarnassus, Miletus, Ephesus, Colophone, Clazomenae, Mytilene, Pergamum, Cyzicus, etc.), which geographically is the immediate cradle of Greek philosophy and sciences.

In antiquity the Greek scholars themselves would not dare talk about “a Greek miracle” because for them, philosophy was first born abroad: in Persia, Chaldea, India, and Egypt. No Greek scholar affirmed otherwise.

Regarding the relations between Greece and Egypt, in the crucial matter of philosophy and science (geometry, mathematic, astronomy and medicine), the enlightening role of the Nile Valley was, for centuries, very preponderant, on the learned Greeks:

1. Thales of Miletus, mathematician and philosopher, born in Miletus (end of seventh, beginning of sixth century BC), founder of the lonian school, studied under the direction of priests (hupoton hiereon), his only masters in life.

2. Solon of Athens (c.640/558 C), legislator, was a pupil of the old priest Sanchis, in Sais, ancient town of Lower Egypt, whose princes governed Egypt from 633 to 525 BC.

3. Pythagoras of Samos (c.600BC), philosopher, and mathematician, founder of the Pythagorean school, spent almost twenty-two years studying in Egypt at Memphis and at Thebes, and above all with Egyptian priests.

4. Xenophanes of Colophon, (around the end of the sixth century), philosopher, founder of the eleatic school around 535 BC, went to Egypt where he exhorted the Egyptians not to honour so many divinities. He also expressed his surprise at seeing the Egyptian beating their chests during public religious ceremonies, notable during festivals given in honour of Osiris.

5. Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (c.500/428 BC) philosopher, he too went to Egypt in order to learn from Egyptian priests, a more exact science of nature.

6. Pherecydes of Syros, studied theology and science in Egypt.

7. Empedocles of Acragas (Arigento in Italian) (born just before 490 – died 438 BC), philosopher and legislator, developed the theory myth of Osiris and Seth.

8. Democritus of Abdera (c.460 – 370 BC) philosopher, spent five years in Egypt (Diodorus Siculus, 1,98,3) to learn geometry and astronomy: his master in Memphis was the priest Pammenes. According to the details of Democritus’ work, established by the grammarian Thrasyllus (not the Greek naval commander, ed) who lived at the court of Tiberius (42 BC – 37 AD), Democritus would have written a book On the Hieroglyphs of Meroe.

9. Socrates (c.470 -399 BC), philosopher, said to Phaedrus that the truth is known by the ancients, that the Egyptian god Thoth was the first to discover the science of numbers, calculus, geometry, astronomy and even backgammon and dices, and lastly and above  all, writing (Plato, Phaedrus, 274 c-d).

10. Plato of Athens (427 -347 BC), philosopher, studied in Egypt, in Memphis exactly, with the priest Khnouphis and at Heliopolis with the priest SeKnouphis:

* Birth of Plato in Athens:

* At the age of twenty Plato was a disciple of Socrates:

* at twenty-eight, in 399, after Socrates’ death (c.470 – 399 BC), Plato travels to complete his studies in Megara – Greek city on the isthmus of Corinthia, prosperous in the seventh and sixth centuries BC; in Cyrene, ancient city of North Africa, founded by the Dorians in 630 BC, capital of Cyrenaic (north-east region of Libya) under the mathematician Theodorus; in Crotona in Italy, under Philoaos, famous Pythagorean who lived around 470 BC; finally, in Egypt, at Memphis and at Heliopolis;

* In 387 BC Plato returned to Athens and founded the Academy at the age of forty, after twelve years of travel and study. This philosophical school, founded by Plato in the gardens of Athens, lasted from the fourth to the first centuries BC.

Of all the dialogues of Plato, twenty-eight have survived. In almost twelve dialogues, Plato mentions Egypt abundantly in varied ways. The proportion is enormous: forty-two per cent of Plato’s total known work.

Indeed, Plato talks about Egypt in these works written between 390/385: Gorgias, Euthdemus, Menexenus, in the work written between 385-370.

11. Aristotle (384 -322 BC), born in Stariga (Stavros), ancient city of Macedonia... is the founder of the peripatetic school, and tutor of Alexander of Macedonia (356 – 323 BC), conqueror of Egypt and the Orient, King of Macedonia from 336 – 323 BC. It seems that Aristotle Meteorologicals (352 b20)...

For Aristotle the Egyptians were the most ancient of men…that is to say, the  Egyptians engaged, since time immemorial, on the paths of civilization, are thence the first creators of civilization, in particular mathematics and astronomy. This historically confirmed report,

12.The Library of Alexandria: The two libraries of the temple of Edfu (Horus’ Temple) and of the Ramesseum in Thebes, served as models for Ptolemy Soter for the construction of the Library of Alexandria; and the School of Alexandria trained scientists in several fields of knowledge from 305 BC – 270 AD; therefore during the centuries of decadence in Greece: Euclid, the mathematician; Calimachus, the poet and grammarian; Manetho, Egyptian priest and historian, from the third century BC; Erasistratus, the physiologist; Herophilus, the anatomist; Erastothenes, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher (c. 284/275 – 195); Archimedes (287 – 212 BC); Appollonius of Perga, Hipparchus, Agathachides, Sotion, Ctesibius, Hero, Sosigenes, Strabo, Claude, Ptolemy, Diophantes, Clement of Alexandria (c. 150-between 211 -216) Ammonius Saccas (third century AD) Origen (c. 183/186 – 252/254), Longinus, Plotinus of Lycopolis, in Egypt (c. 203/205 – 270), etc.

One therefore follows a huge and powerful civilizing current in the history of humanity: Pharaoric Egypt/Ancient Egypt, School of Alexandria, the Greco-Roman world, the Middle Ages, Western modern times.

In this long historical and cultural chain, Pharaonic Egypt is obviously the first link, and the School of Alexandria was truly the cultural and spiritual junction between East and West, long before the Arabs.

This huge, powerful, civilizing current, which goes from the banks of the Nile to those of the Tiber, is an historical fact, well established, but rarely taught: Rome was the heir of Hellenistic Egypt, and thus of glorious pharaonic Egypt.”

Obenga, Theophile. ANCIENT EGYPT & BLACK ARFICA: A Student’s Handbook for the Study of Ancient Egypt in Philosophy, Linguistics, & Gender Relations. London: Karnak House, 1992. P. 60-67

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