By Carol Barnes – Senior Research Chemist



“This article, as well as future presentations, is designed to familiarize the BLACK HUMAN with MELANIN and its importance to life, memory processes, ancient African history, sunlight, music, dancing, anti-aging, anti-cancer, religion, electromagnetism, and many other scientific and cultural parameters”.




The chemical MELANIN is a unique biopolymer or “life-chemical” found in high concentrations in various organs and/or functional centres (Melanin Centres) in the BLACK HUMAN (Black man/woman). In the past, MELANIN was considered by “western scientists” to be a “waste” product of body metabolism and serves no useful function within the body of the BLACK HUMAN. Because of prejudice and foolishness, scientific research on MELANIN moved at a slow pace or was completely ignored. Recently, scientists have discovered that MELANIN is a refined, complex, multifunctional chemical that has a wide variety of important functions within the body of the BLACK HUMAN and in the environment (plants, bodies of water, soil, animals). MELANIN is located in important areas of the nervous system and major organs throughout the BLACK HUMAN.


The BLACK HUMAN is blessed by nature in that he or she is endowed with a highly functional chemical that regulates essentially all bodily functions and activities. The BLACK HUMAN is distinguished from other human beings in that he or she tends to have a higher number of organs and body systems that contain high concentrations of a chemical that is BLACK in colour. This chemical is called MELANIN and is located in important areas of the BLACK HUMAN such as:

·Central Nervous System

·Autonomic (Automatic) Nervous System

·Peripheral (outlying, surface)

·Diffuse Neuroendocrine (Glands) System

·Visceras (Major Internal Organs)

Because of its pervasive presence in the organs, nervous systems and glands cited above, you would expect MELANIN to serve some vital functions or nature would not have incorporated it into these systems!!!

The word MELANIN when broken down into its sub-components may be defined as follows:

·Melano (Greek Word) = BLACK

·The Word MEL  is derived from Melano

·Therefore, MEL = BLACK

·ANIN is derived from a similar word called amine

AMINE is nitrogen based functional group derived from ammonia (NH3) and is designated in chemistry as a hydrocarbon amine when it is attached to a hydrocarbon. Hydrocarbons are chemical units that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. Therefore, MELANIN = BLACK AMINE.


MELANIN is BLACK simply because its chemical structure will not allow any type of energy to escape once that energy has come into contact with its structure. A number of steps must take place within the MELANIN structure to accomplish this task of becoming totally efficient toward capturing energy. When these steps are completed, no energy is reflected away from the surface of the MELANIN structure. The human eye sees the colour of an object as light reflects from the surface of that object. If no light or energy is reflected, then that object will appear to the eyes to be BLACK in colour. If all of the energy is reflected from the surface of an object, that object will appear white in colour. If an object is red in colour that means that the object is absorbing all energy around it except the red energy which is reflected away from the object. The eyes capture and process the red light that is reflected. Therefore, you see red!!


Examples of conditions that show MELANIN at work for us daily are:

  4. MOVEMENT (motor output)
  11. HIGH SPIRITUALITY (“Shouting”, “Speaking in Tongues”)

In review we’ve learned that MELANIN IS A SOPHISTICATED CHEMICAL THAT CONTROLS VIRTUALLY EVERY ASPECT OF OUR LIVES. It is located in functional regions throughout the body as well as the environment (rivers, streams, lakes, soil, plants, and animals). It prevents major, as well as minor, diseases. WE ALSO SEE THE WORLD AND EXPERIENCE IT DIFFERENTLY DUE TO MELANIN’S SEDATIVE AND CIVILIZING EFFECTS. All of these wonderful attributes can be altered if MELNAIN is exposed to improper environments, such as drugs, MELANIN then becomes toxic to the body.

Source: Barnes, Carol.  MELANIN: The Chemical Key to Black Greatness. Lushena Books, Inc., Chicago, USA. 1988 (5th printing 2001) P. 1, 3, 7, 9-10, 55 & 69 





The pineal gland secretes melatonin, which activates the pituitary gland to release M.S.H. (Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone). It is in the melanocytes that melanin   (Greek: melas = Black) is produced. Melanin is somewhat analogous to chlorophyll in plants. While chlorophyll allows photosynthesis to occur, or the transference of the sun’s energy into food, melanin in animals takes the sun’s energy and makes it useful energy for the body. While the growth of plants is directed toward physical sunlight, King contends that the growth of human beings is directed toward higher states of consciousness. This would imply that somehow melanin is related to highly developed states of consciousness, or “spiritual light”

We are familiar with melanin in relation to the pigmentation of the skin. But we are not taught about the relationship between the skin and the brain. The ectoderm or outer layer of the skin is where melanin is produced in the pre-fetus. In the core of the brain are found twelve black nuclei, or melanated centers. This outer layer of the blastula (the pre-fetus) invaginates to form the spinal column, the end of which balloons out, becoming the brain. The twelfth of these “centers,” and therefore the “highest,” is the locus coeruleus. King says that they are related to spirituality and consciousness and also allow human beings access to the world of dreams, thereby learning from ancestral experiences. In animals other than humans, fewer of these “centers” will be pigmented therefore their degree of “consciousness” isaffected.

Melatonin is released from the pineal gland during darkness, periodically between 11p.m. and 7 a.m. It induces sleep and increases the amount of melanin production. In King’s terms, it “unlocks the door to the unconscious.” At the same time heat and sunlight cause melanocytes to produce melanin so that internally melanin production is regulated by light and dark (hormonal secretion) and externally by heat. Pineal melatonin induces puberty, while King maintains, melatonin is also related to fertility. (Certainly world population figures and related fertility rates bear out this contention.)

In addition, it seems that melanin is essential to the life process. The primary and fundamental atom in all biological systems is carbon, which is black. All organic matter comes from a carbon atom. Melanin in the early blastula develops into the spinal cord, the central nervous system, a significant part of the brain, as well as parts of the skin, retina of the eyes (the lack of melanin severely impairs vision), the hair, and the ears. The cerebral spinal fluid made in the brain that helps to regulate various glands in the body contains melanin. The chemistry of melanin is that melanocytes contain tyrosine, an amino acid, and an enzyme tyrosinase. Melanin is made when tyrosinase and oxygen cause tyrosine to convert to DOPA, a “precursor amine” that changes to melanin. The lack of tyrosinase results in the genetic disease known as albinism, which has a deleterious effect on eyesight. Melanin in the retina protects the sensitive eye from the ultra-violate rays of the sun, just as it protects the skin. It also allows for the perception of colors. DOPA is thought to be related to creative thinking and to changes in states of consciousness by the regulation of melanin production.

King argues that blackness or carbon is life and is therefore divine. He says that ancient Africans understood this, and called themselves by various names meaning “black,” such as “Kemites” (people of the black earth). According to King, these ancient scientists studied the workings of their own minds, which they understood as being identified with their entire bodies.  According to King, the ancient Africans studied themselves until they came to understand the relationship of “blackness” to spirituality and inner vision; the higher levels of understanding on which synthesis occurs. For them “Blackness” represented the divine.  What did these early, advanced scientists discover? All vibratory energies, were but a shade of black; black was the color of the night sky, primeval ocean of outer space, birthplace and womb of the planets, stars and galaxies of the universe; black holes were found at the center of our own galaxy and countless other galaxies; black was the color of carbon, the key atom found in all living matter of our world; carbon atoms linked  together to form black melanin, the first chemical that could capture light and reproduce itself, the chemical key to life; and the brain itself was found to be centered around black neuromelanin. Inner vision, intuition, creative genius, and spiritual illumination were all found to be dependent upon pineal gland blood borne chemical messengers that controlled skin color and opened the hidden door to the darkness of the collective unconscious mind, allowing the ancient priest-scientist to visualize knowledge from the timeless collective unconscious memory banks of the mind. Indeed, the Black Dot was found to be the hidden doorway to universal knowledge of the past, present and future.

Even from the little that we now know about melanin, we can assume that there were other side effects as well, for melanin does not only affect the skin. In King’s view, with less melanin we could expect an over-all lower level of nervous system integration, less activity of the pineal gland, and therefore greater instance of pineal calcification. This, in turn, might limit access to right-brain functions associated with the pineal gland…e.g., the development of intuitiveness, holistic, or “global” thinking, the ability to synthesize mentally, and the ability to comprehend spiritual truths. The comparative lack of melanin in the melanocytes would render them less capable of understanding their emotional life. In King’s view, this, in combination with the demands of harsh environmental conditions caused the intensification of left-brain functions, which are cause and effect oriented, and it cut off the unconscious as a source of knowledge. This would account for a materialist world-view, the emphasis on technology, and an inability to get beyond lineal concepts. It would also account for intensely destructive behaviors on a cultural level stemming from the need for control, power, and aggressiveness. For King, melanin and the pineal gland are the keys to a deeper spiritual consciousness on which level human beings can integrate their understanding/knowledge to reach metaphysical truths that unlock the doors of the dark unconscious, bringing with it an emotional and psychological sense of security: oneness with self, an inner peace.

King’s theory explains why blackness came to represent evil and why the “dark side” became threatening. Blackness indeed was the spiritual, metaphysical realm to which Europeans had little if any access. The “dark side” for things was the inner vision of the unconscious that opened the door to communication with ancestral symbols and wisdom. His theory would also help to explain the patriarchal nature of European culture, since for C. G. Jung, the matriarchal principle is the key to this primary, spiritual consciousness. The matriarchal principle also represents the African womb. European fear of the knowledge of their own origins would, in addition, account for the reason they work so hard to make it appear that everything of value began with them; a complete reversal of reality, since they know that they and their culture are comparatively young. This accounts for the “progress” theory in which the true place of human origins (Africa) represent a universal state of ignorance.

He agrees with Welsing: The relative lack of concentration of melanin in Europeans is an abnormality. Because of the unnatural state the European had to make enormous psychological adjustments to survive. Rather than being in tune the experiences adaptation as a struggle. Nature is therefore perceived as being antagonistic. This antagonistic relationship with nature (the creative and nourishing force of the universe), in Kambon’s view, causes a tremendous sense of alienation. The sense of being “other,” “not natural,“ “apart from,” of being born as “disordered” caused overwhelming fear, anxiety and insecurity. This psychological state in turn, results in perennial suspicion and distrust of the environment. The embryonic European was forced, therefore, to take a vigilant posture; i.e., and aggressive and defensive position with regard to the rest of the world (which was indeed “nature” itself). He existed in an ontological condition defined y a sense of “otherness.” He had to reconstruct reality in order to survive reality. Being outside of the natural order, the European, indeed, made himself “the order.” Nature, then, became the object, and alienation from nature was reconstructed by them as being natural. This perception served to defend their uniquely alienated consciousness: the phenomenal gap. Their psychological defensiveness resulted in psychopathology; a fabricated reality in which the value of the European “white” self is exaggerated. Their creed, says Kabon becomes: I am perfect. In a reality that reverses reality, “Nature (Blackness, Africaness, color) is imperfect.” Kambon seems to be saying that Europeans have not only remained
severely damaged psychologically, but all of their cultural behavior can be understood as a defense of this condition.



ARF EDITORIAL COMMENTS: The basic monomers that constitute the great polymer of melanin can be found in many drugs therefore melanin-rich people can be easily addicted to drugs. We therefore advise Afrikan people, especially our youth, to keep away from drugs because they are more easily addicted than the Caucasian races.

If Afrikans understood the power of melanin, that which gives our skin its black hue (making us the original ‘’huemans’’), we would be proud to be black and stop damaging our beautiful blessed black skin with toxic bleaching creams.



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