ARF finds no more befitting way to conclude this  first edition of the ARF Website than to leave our readers with  final words from one of our Most Honoured and Esteemed Historians, the late Dr. John Henrik Clarke as a summary to the central theme running through the contents of this  work. We are proud to present the remarks by Dr. Clarke from the Introduction to "Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization" by Anthony T. Browder.




"The civilization of Egypt, and of Africa in general, is the most written about and the least understood of all known subjects. This is not an accident or an error in misunderstanding the available informaqion. Except for Egypt, African people have been programmed out of the respectable commentary of history. Europeans have claimed the non-African creation of Egypt in order to downgrade the position of African people in world history. They have laid the foundation of what they call Western Civilization on a structure that the Western mind did not create. In doing so, they have used no logic.


Egypt, a Nile Valley civilization, was already old before Europe was born. Nile Valley civilization also existed before the Western Asian civilization of the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. This fact was acknowledged for years by the European academic hypocrites who thought they had gotten away with claiming Egypt as a European, or at least Asian, creation. The archaeological research of Europeans disproved their claim. They could not find a single artifact in Wesern Asia, or in mainland Asia, that was older than the artifacts of Nile Valley civilization, or Africa in general. This revelation created a new dilemma for the European claimers of Egypt. They were saying, in effect, figuratively speaking, a child gave birth to himself, then he created his own mother.


Tony Browder's book Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization, is about correcting some of these misconceptions so the reader, in fact, can be introduced to a Nile Valley civilization in order to understand its role as the parent of future civilizations. When we speak of Nile Valley civilization and its contributions, it must be considered that we are not talking about Egypt alone. We are referring to a strip of geography that extends over 4,000 miles into the body of Africa and that touches on a multiplicity of civilization in Africa. It was, indeed, the last great civilization in Africa.


The country the Greeks called Egypt was never referred to as such by Africans during its formative period. What became Egypt was a composite of a number of nations using the Nile River as the world's first cultural highway. The rehearsal for what would become Egypt occurred in the south, in the nations known on  present maps as Ethiopia, the Sudan and adjacent territories.


Tributaries of rivers in these nations fed into the Nile and made it the great historical river of the world. In technology, Nile Valley civilization gave the world an achievement in building and in spirituality over and above anything any nation of people have achieved before or since. Out of Nile Valley civilization came the world's first organized spiritual literature. This literature was so profound, some of it inspired the writing of the Bible. The three major Western religions, Hebrewism, Christianity and Islam, were extracted from the spirituality created by the priests and wise men in the Nile Valley.


Early in its history and its development, Nile Valley civilization created a basic way of life that attracted teachers, technocrats and priests from other parts of Africa, always enriching the original composite composition of the Nile Valley. Organized farming and the domestication of animal life gave the population a more than adequate food supply. Therefore, Egypt could attract workers from other parts of Africa. Some of these workers were farmers for part of the year, and builders another part of the year. At the time the Nile was overflowing its banks and depositing rich soil on adjacent farmland, the workers and craftmen were building on the high ground away from the river. The assumption that this great period of building required a massive use of slave is an assumption and nothing more.


When you look at the pyramids, the Sphinx and the great temples in Egypt and the Nile Valley, you have to consider the fact that no slave would have built with such skill and exactness. Many of these structures have been standing 6,000 years or more and they are still sound. The word "slave" and the image of the slave as worker is a recurring image in the mind of Western man. It is hard for him to conceive of extended work of this nature without the use of forced labour. The factor that has not been taken into consideration is a great flowering of spiritual fervour and commitment before the formation of organized religions. A factor in the matter, still not understood, is that the Africans tried to bring man in harmony with Nature. Western man tries to defy Nature and often forgets that man cannot start a hurricane or stop one; that before the force of Nature, man is small and puny. The European mind, with all the misconception, wants to rule everything, including the elements.


When you consider that Nile Valley civilization also includes the Sudan and Ethiopia, the contribution to civilization becomes more massive. The parent of what would later be called Egyptian Civilization came form the South. The first organized society was in the South. The evidence of an ancient mining complex that is older than the existence of Egypt has been found in the South. There are more than a dozen pyramids in the Sudan, indicating that the rehearsal for pyramid building started in the South. Europeans have problems with this revelation because they assume black Africa presupposed a legitimate white Africa. What they forget is that everybody in Africa who cannot be referred to as an African is an invader or the descendant of an invader.


The Arab invasion of Africa started about 632 A.D. The fact that the Arabs have been in Africa over 1.000 years does not rule out the fact that they are invaders, and part of a massive occupying army. At the time Egypt was getting its great civilizing show on the road, the Arabs did not exist as a people. Like all invaders, they, too, have done Africa more harm than good.


Tony Browder is one of the latest of a number of messengers attempting to tell the story of the Nile Valley contribution to civilization. For 37 years in the classrooms of Howard University, William Leo Hansberry made an attempt to get this message across to nearly two generations of students, and he died before his massive four-volume work on the subject could be published. Willis N. Higgins in the Harlem History Club of the 30's made the same attempt, until his death in 1940.


The Jamaican-born J. A. Rogers devoted over 50 years of his life in the study of the role of African personalities, both men and women, in world history. Carter G. Woodson in his book, African Background Outlined and W.E.B. Du Bois in his work The World and Africa, added a new dimension to the search for Nile Valley contribution to world civilization, and Africa in general. George G.M. James challenged the assumed originality of Greek philosophy, and indicated its Nile Valley origins.


In recent years the greatest explanation of Nile Valley contributions to world civilization has been made by African historians themselves. In the work of Cheikh Anta Diop, I call your attention to his book, African Origins of Civilization: Myth or Reality and the last book finished before his untimely death, Civilization or Barbarism. Cheikh Anta Diop's finest essay on this subject is included in the Nile Valley edition of The Journal of African Civilization. The essay is called "African Contribution to Civilization: The Exact Sciences."


In his book, Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization, Tony Browder has associated himself with some top-level academic company. He is both a teacher and a learner. In both cases he has done well."


                                                                                                                                         John Henrik Clarke  April 1992




Browder, Anthony T., Nile Valley Contribution to Civilization. The Institute for Karmic Guidence, Washington, D.C. 1992. (Introduction) P. 9-11.



ARF EDITORIAL COMMENTS:  Dr. Clarke was one of the most outstanding Black Historians of the 20th century. He had bequeathed to us the essence of his profound knowledge of Afrikan History which permeates antiquity to the present. ARF has made  several references to his writings and words of wisdom in the preparation of the material of this Website. We honour him in our hearts and his name shall remain on our lips  so that he lives on throughout time. In Ancient Khemet, we say, 'Dua' Dr. Clarke 'Dua'!

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